California Department of Fish and Wildlife

Literature cited

California Department of Fish and Game. 1994. Environmental Document: Tule Elk Hunting. Department of Fish and Game Sacramento office, 1812 9th Street, Sacrmento, CA 95811.

California Department of Fish and Game. 1990. California's Tule Elk. Video cassette.

deCalesta, D.S. and G.W. Witmer. 1994. Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage.

Hobbs, J. 2007. Personal Communication. 23 April, 2007.

IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <>. Downloaded on 15 April 2007.

Kanewske, R. 2000. Downloaded 15 April 2007.

McCullough, D.R. 1969. The tule elk, its history, behavior, and ecology. University of California Press.

Murie O.J., 1951. The Elk of North America. The Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and the Wildlife Management Institute, Washington D.C. 376 pp.

Phillips, W.E. 1976. The Conservation of the California Tule Elk. The University of Alberta Press. 120 pp.

Thomas, J.W., and D.E. Toweill, eds. 1982. Elk of North America: ecology and management. Stockpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 698 pp.

Williams, C.L., B. Lundrigan and O.E. Rhodes, Jr. 2004. Journal of Wildlife Management. 68: 109-119.

Van Wormer, J. 1969. The world of the American Elk. J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia and New York. pp.

Zeiner, D.C., Laudenslayer, W.F., Mayer, K.E. & White, M. 1990. California's Wildlife. Volume III: Mammals. Sacramento, California: California Statewide Wildlife Habitat Relationships System, Department of Fish and Game.